I’m an associate director and energy specialist in Arup’s Foresight, Innovation and Incubator group. The group is charged with maintaining a focus for logical, analytical thought about the many possible futures that Arup confronts.

I’m a physicist with an industrial background in manufacturing and a long-term involvement in sustainability and energy-related matters. My current research focus is on the 4see modelling framework, which combines socio-economic-energy aspects of a country in order to formulate physically consistent scenarios 20 years or more into the future.